Types of Oriental Rugs – Choosing the Perfect Look for Your Home

Once you’ve settled on the style of rug that meets your specific criteria, now it’s time to choose your preferred type of rug. Here are the various types of rugs, listed in an easy-to-understand format for your convenience:

• Hereke – This is an ancient rug weaving village in Turkey, situated on the northern edge of Ismit Bay. Located not far from the legendary city of Istanbul, Hereke is widely known for producing some of the finest quality hand-knotted rugs in the world. As such, these incredible masterworks represent the pinnacle of the Turkish rug-weaving tradition.

• Kayseri – Located in the central region of Anatolia, the city of Kayseri was a significant trade center on the great Silk Road. Because of its important location as a center for the weaving and rug trade, Kayseri rugs are known for the variety and inventiveness of their designs. Among Anatolian rugs, they are generally considered second only to Hereke in terms of quality.

• Kazak – Renowned for their stunning, overly heraldic designs, rugs from Kazak are considered to be tribal in nature. Today, antique Kazak rugs are extraordinarily rare and expensive. However, a number of modern Caucasian and Anatolian rugs are made using traditional Kazak designs.

• Yuruk – Although similar in some ways to Kazak rugs, Yuruk designs employ different medallion patterns and feature more vibrant color palettes. Rich violet and vivid yellow add to the dominant colors of red, blue, and green; when umber and sienna are added, the result is breathtaking patterns of unparalleled beauty. Because only the finest wool is used in the construction of Yuruk rugs, they are expected to become increasingly valuable to future generations.

• Usak / Oushak – A small town located in west central Anatolia, just south of Istanbul, Oushak produces some of the most attractive pastel designs in the world. Designs from this respected rug weaving village include elaborate floral patterns, complex medallions, and variations on different styles of Milas prayer-rugs. Antique Usak rugs are considerably finer than modern versions, as well as more traditionally Anatolian; as such, they are quite rare and valuable.

• Gabbeh – A Persian style, Gabbeh rugs are hand-made and feature a long pile design. These rugs are produced by the nomads of the Fars province, in southwest Persia. Like many other types of Persian rugs, Gabbeh is made from only the best, local handspun wool and colored with all-natural vegetable dyes. This distinct style of weaving is especially suited for modern or contemporary settings.